As per a report, being published in Journal of the American Heart Association, it has been revealed that food items, which are rich in flavonoids, are quite effective in reducing the risk of stroke.
Flavonoids are compounds, which are present in fruits, vegetables, dark chocolate and red wine and especially in citrus fruits. Lead author Aedin Cassidy, from the University of East Anglia in Britain, was of the view that a lot many studies have been done, which have proved that flavonoids rich food items are good for health.
In order to reach at the above conclusion, Cassidy and team assessed 14 years data of Nurse's Health Study to reach at the above conclusion. They assessed data of 69,622 women and also looked their food habits. It was found that flavonoids provide protection against some of the diseases and also helps to improve blood vessel function and also provides an anti- inflammatory effect.
Cassidy said that there are sub classes under flavonoids and they selected six subclasses of flavonoids from US diet. The six substances were -- flavanones, anthocyanins, flavan-3- ols, flavonoid polymers, flavonols and flavones. They compared the benefit of it against the risk of ischemic, hemorrhagic and total stroke.
After assessing all the reports on the set parameters, Cassidy and study researchers found that women, who had rich diet of flavanones in citrus, were 19% at lesser risk to have stroke. "Flavonoids are thought to provide some of that protection through several mechanisms, including improved blood vessel function and an anti- inflammatory effect”, said Cassidy.
Cassidy said that a further research is needed to prove the 100% efficacy of flavanone consumption and stroke risk. They have also decided to conduct further research in this regard.