A high-quality sequencing of a Neanderthal genome was released by scientists at Germany's Max Planck Institute. It is expected to provide critical information about why humans survived but not the earlier hominid species.
Svante Paabo, a geneticist and the lead researcher, told the Associated Press that the genome of a Neanderthal is as accurate as a genome of the person walking the streets today. The research was part of the Institute's Evolutionary Anthropology department.
Neanderthals are known to be existed 30,000 years ago. The scientists believe that modern humans, Homo sapiens were attributed to their extinction.
The new genome sequence will be compared by the scientists with other Neanderthals, humans, Denisovans and extinct hominid groups.
A toe bone found in a Siberian cave enabled the scientists to get a DNA for the sequencing. The sequencing provided detailed and clear information than the Neanderthal genome sequenced three years ago.
"We will gain insights into many aspects of the history of both Neanderthals and Denisovans, about the genetic changes that occurred in the genomes of modern humans after they parted ways with the ancestors of Neanderthals and Denisovans", Paabo said.
A scientific paper is expected to be published by Paabo's group later this year.