Effect of alcohol on fetus development

A review states that the progress in the getting to understand the effects on the fetus development due to alcohol is very less.

At Georgetown University of Medicine four students took up the responsibility to look into the literature on fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and it was established that there had been little changes in the clinical review related to this syndrome.

Sahar Ismail, a second year student states that there has been a lot of research in this field yet the studies have not been able to conclude whether or not alcohol damages the development of the fetus.

He also stated that he was surprised to note that the lack of specific and sensitive tools to identify children with fetal alcohol syndrome noting its adverse effects on the family children and society.

G Ian Gallincano who holds a PhD and also an associate in the department of cellular and molecular biology and biochemistry states that not all women who consume alcohol give birth to a child with the fetal alcohol syndrome yet the reason behind these remains unclear. Women are still suggested to take precaution and avoid alcohol consumption during their period of pregnancy.

FAS is considered to be a rare syndrome and is also known as the less deadlier form of FAS-FASD (fetal syndrome spectrum disorders) which happens to be more common in the society, yet both types of syndrome's are completely preventable if the diagnosis of the syndrome is done can determine the exact phase of developmental issues where alcohol has its own very specific effects on the unborn child.

The fetal brain can be damaged by the intake of alcohol by the mother during the gestation period since the fetal brain has a complex network of blood vessels and this can cause damaging effects on the fetus that cannot be reversed such as, delay in fetal development, hyperactivity, seizures, facial and head irregularities, cognitive deficits, attention deficits, memory impairments, learning impairments, motor coordination deficits and poor psychosocial functioning.

At present there is no treatment or sensitive and specific diagnosing tools to note and diagnose FAS in the early stages of child birth or even during the period of pregnancy, yet studies have shown a way to inform physicians if a pregnant women who is a chronic user of alcohol or its products. However researchers believe that there has been very less investigation in this matter.

There has been a vast study in the area of clinical strategies in order to help reverse the damages of alcohol that cannot be diagnosed in the future.

This research has been published in the issue of Developmental neuroscience.

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