Chest Pain Might be a Signal of CAD in Women

Chest Pain Might be a Signal of CAD in WomenA study by Canadian researchers advocates that women with severe cardiovascular chest pain are three times more likely to have seriously diseased arteries, when compared to men.

In the study 23,771 men and women underwent coronary angiography, a procedure that uses X-rays to see the blood vessels and chambers of the heart. The research was conducted in Hamilton between April 2000, and November 2006.

The most serious form of cardiovascular angina i. e. chest pain or Class IV angina, augmented the risk of developing coronary artery disease by 82 per cent in women, compared to 28 per cent in men. This did not include other risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and smoking.

CAD is the leading cause of death in both men and women.

The procedure to treat angiography involved inserting a catheter through an artery in the leg or arm, and injecting dye into the arterial system of the heart to detect blockages.

The study, which was available in this month's issue of the Journal of Internal Medicine, also revealed that diabetes increased the risk of severe coronary artery disease in both sexes by 100 per cent, high cholesterol by 50 per cent and smoking by 10 per cent.